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I-Hydrogen COMPRESSOR

1.Ukuveliswa kwamandla kwi-hydrogen ngokucinezela usebenzisa iicompressors

I-Hydrogen sisibaso esinowona mxholo uphezulu wamandla ngobunzima.Ngelishwa, ubuninzi be-hydrogen kwiimeko ze-atmospheric kuphela kwi-90 grams nge-cubic meter nganye.Ukuze kuphunyezwe amanqanaba asebenzisekayo oxinaniso lwamandla, ucinezelo olusebenzayo lwehydrogen luyimfuneko.

2.Uxinzelelo olusebenzayo lwe-hydrogen ngei-diaphragmiicompressors

Enye ingqikelelo yoxinzelelo olungqiniweyo yiCompressor diaphragm.Ezi compressors zehydrogen zicinezela ngokufanelekileyo umthamo omncinci ukuya phakathi kwe-hydrogen ukuya phezulu kwaye, ukuba kuyimfuneko, noxinzelelo oluphezulu kakhulu olungaphezulu kwe-900 bar.Umgaqo we-diaphragm uqinisekisa i-oyile- kunye nokuvuza koxinzelelo lwasimahla kunye nokusulungeka kwemveliso.Iicompressors ze-diaphragm zisebenza kakuhle phantsi komthwalo oqhubekayo.Xa usebenza phantsi kwenkqubo yokusebenza okwethutyana ubomi be-diaphragm bunokuba sezantsi kwaye ukusevisa kunganyuswa.

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3.Iicompressors zepiston zokucinezela izixa ezikhulu zehydrogen

Ukuba izixa eziphezulu ze-hydrogen engena-oyile kunye noxinzelelo lweebha ezingaphantsi kwama-250 ziyafuneka, amawaka amaninzi aqinisekisiweyo kwaye avavanyiweyo eyomileyo yeecompressor zepiston ziyimpendulo.Ngaphezulu kwe-3000kW yamandla okuqhuba angasetyenziswa ngokufanelekileyo ukuzalisekisa nayiphi na imfuneko yoxinzelelo lwehydrogen.

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Ukuhamba komthamo ophezulu kunye noxinzelelo oluphezulu, ukudibanisa izigaba ze-NEA Piston ezineentloko ze-diaphragm kwi-compressor "hybrid" inikezela isisombululo esiqinisekileyo se-hydrogen compressor.

 

1.Kutheni iHydrogen?(Isicelo)

 

Ukugcinwa kunye nokuthuthwa kwamandla kusetyenziswa i-hydrogen ecinezelweyo

 

NgesiVumelwano saseParis sowama-2015, ngo-2030 ukukhutshwa kwerhasi eluhlaza kuya kuncitshiswa ngama-40% xa kuthelekiswa nowe-1990. , ezizimeleyo kwiimeko zemozulu, ezinye izithwali zamandla kunye neendlela zokugcina ziyimfuneko.IHydrojeni (H2) inesakhono esikhulu njengendawo yokugcina amandla.Amandla ahlaziyekayo afana nomoya, amandla elanga okanye amanzi anokuguqulwa abe yiHydrogen emva koko igcinwe kwaye ithuthwe ngoncedo lweecompressors zehydrogen.Ngale ndlela ukusetyenziswa okuzinzileyo kobutyebi bendalo kunokudityaniswa nempumelelo nophuhliso.

 

4.1Iicompressors zeHydrogen kwizikhululo zepetroli

 

Kunye neBattery Electric Vehicles (BEV) Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEV) kunye ne-hydrogen njengesibaso sisihloko esikhulu sokushukumiseka kwexesha elizayo.Imigangatho sele ikhona kwaye okwangoku ifuna uxinzelelo lokukhupha ukuya kwi-1,000 bar.

 

4.2Uthutho ezindleleni olune-hydrogen

 

Ingqwalasela yothutho lwendlela yehydrogen ilele kuthutho lomthwalo ngeelori ezilula nezinzima kunye neesemis.Imfuno yabo yamandla ephezulu yokunyamezela ixesha elide kudityaniswe namaxesha amafutshane okugalela i-refueling ayinakuzalisekiswa ngobuchwepheshe bebhetri.Sele kukho ababoneleli abambalwa beelori zombane zeeseli ze-hydrogen kwimarike.

 

4.3I-Hydrogen kwizithuthi ezihamba kumzila kaloliwe

 

Kuthutho oluhamba kumzila kaloliwe kwiindawo ezingenawo umbane ohamba phezulu, oololiwe abaqhutywa nge-hydrogen banokuthatha indawo yokusetyenziswa koomatshini abaqhutywa ngedizili.Kumazwe amaninzi ehlabathini, i-hydrogen-electric yokuqala enesandla esingaphezulu kwe-800 km (500 miles) kunye nesantya esiphezulu se-140kph (85 mph) sele sisebenza.

 

4.4IHydrojeni yothutho lwaselwandle olungathathi hlangothi kwimozulu

 

IHydrogen ikwafumana indlela yayo kwimozulu engathathi ntweni kuthutho lwaselwandle.Izikhephe zokuqala kunye neenqanawa ezincinci zomthwalo ezihamba nge-hydrogen okwangoku zivavanywa ngokuqatha.Kwakhona, iifutha ezenziweyo ezenziwe kwi-hydrogen kunye ne-CO2 ethathiweyo lukhetho lwemozulu engathathi hlangothi yothutho lwaselwandle.La mafutha enziwe ngendlela elungelelanisiweyo anokuba sisibaso sokuhamba ngenqwelomoya kwikamva.

 

4.5IHydrojeni yobushushu kunye neshishini

 

I-Hydrogen yinto ebalulekileyo yesiseko kunye ne-reactant kwiikhemikhali, i-petrochemical kunye nezinye iinkqubo zoshishino.

 

Inokuxhasa ukudibanisa kwecandelo elisebenzayo kwindlela ye-Power-to-X kwezi zicelo.Umzekelo we-Power-to-Steel unenjongo ye "de-fossilizing" yemveliso yensimbi.Amandla ombane asetyenziselwa iinkqubo zokunyibilikisa.I-CO2 engathathi hlangothi I-Hydrogen ingasetyenziselwa indawo ye-coke kwinkqubo yokunciphisa.Kwiindawo zokucoca sinokufumana iiprojekthi zokuqala ezisebenzisa i-hydrogen eveliswa yi-electrolysis umz.

 

Kukwakho usetyenziso olukwimizi-mveliso emincinci ukusuka kwiiseli zamafutha ezisebenza ngefolokhwe ukuya kwiiyunithi zamandla kaxakeka yeeseli zehydrogen.Unikezelo lokugqibela, olufana neeseli ezincinci zepetroli zezindlu kunye nezinye izakhiwo, amandla kunye nobushushu kunye nokukhupha kwabo kuphela ngamanzi acocekileyo.

 


Ixesha lokuposa: Jul-14-2022